This course examines key American events, debates, and cultural developments during the long nineteenth century, from the Revolutionary era to the eve of World War I. Analyzing a variety of historical, visual, literary, and cultural texts from the era – as well as scholarly secondary sources - we’ll explore topics such as revivalism, transcendentalism, populism, progressivism, and pragmatism, among others, through the lens of race, gender, class, and ethnicity.